Dalai Lama born 6 July 1935, Taktser, Tibet (now People's Republic of China). The Dalai Lama is the head monk of Tibetan Buddhism. In 1950, at 16, His Holiness was called upon to assume full political power as Head of State and Government when Tibet was threatened by the might of China. In 1959 he was forced into exile in India after the Chinese military occupation of Tibet. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989. Lhamo Thondup Biography and Profile.