Born in 1532 in Plymouth, England, John Hawkins established himself as a merchant and slave trader, eventually having hostile encounters with Spanish naval forces. John Hawkins was England’s first slave trader. In 1562 he sailed from The Barbican in Plymouth with three ships and violently kidnapped about 400 Africans in Guinea, later trading them in the West Indies. Between 1562 and 1567 Hawkins and his cousin Francis Drake made three voyages to Guinea and Sierra Leone and enslaved between 1,200 and 1,400 Africans. Read John Hawkins Biography and Profile.
William Shakespeare (baptized on April 26, 1564 to April 23, 1616) was an English playwright, actor and poet and is often called England’s national poet. Born in Stratford-upon-Avon, England, he was an important member of the Lord Chamberlain’s Men company of theatrical players from roughly 1594 onward. Read William Shakespeare Full Biography and Profile.
Lina Iris Viktor Conceptual Artist, Performance Artist, Painter, British-Liberian. Governed by a purist color palette, her work considers the natural laws, hermetic philosophies, mathematic & scientific principles, and seeks to instill a divine order to all around her. Read Lina Iris Viktor Biography and Profile.
I am Chuka Umunna and was born in October 1978 to a Nigerian father and an English-Irish mother. My father was 23 when he arrived in Liverpool in 1964. He had one suitcase and no money. He found a job as a cook in South London, then worked in a car wash. I resigned my membership of the Labour Party. Read Chuka Umunna Biography and Profile.
James Cook was born on 27 October 1728 in a small village near Middlesbrough in Yorkshire. His father was a farm worker. At the age of 17, Cook moved to the coast, settling in Whitby and finding work with a coal merchant. In 1755, Cook enlisted in the Royal Navy, serving in North America where he learnt to survey and chart coastal waters. James Cook led three ambitious circumnavigations that would have a lasting impact on European visions of the Pacific. Read Captain James Cook Full Biography and Profile.
Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Pacelli (Pope Pius XII), was born in Rome on March 2, 1876, son of Virginia Graziosi and Filippo Pacelli. This is a family very much involved in the juridical offices of the Roman Curia. Some Jews have accused Pius XII, who reigned from 1939 to 1958, of being indifferent to the Holocaust and not speaking out against Hitler. His supporters consider him a holy man who worked behind the scenes to help Jews throughout Europe. Read Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Pacelli Biography and Profile.
Trygve Halvdan Lie was born on 16 July 1896, educated at Oslo University. Trygve Halvdan Lie was the first official secretary-general of the United Nations from 1946 to 1952. On 8 November 1921, he married Hjordis Joergensen. They had three children – Sissel, Guri and Mette. Trygve Halvdan Lie passed away on 30 December 1968. Read Trygve Halvdan Lie Biography and Profile.
Kurt Waldheim was appointed Secretary-General of the United Nations for a five-year term beginning on 1 January 1972. The Security Council had recommended the appointment on 21 December 1971 and the General Assembly approved it by acclamation on the following day. Married and the father of three children. Read Kurt Josef Waldheim Biography and Profile.
Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld was Secretary-General of the United Nations from 10 April 1953 until 18 September 1961 when he met his death in a plane accident while on a peace mission in the Congo. He was born on 29 July 1905 in Sweden. Read Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld Biography and Profile.
Chris Williamson, born 16 September, spent almost 20 years working to ensure Derby people have the very best services. Political interests: Poverty, animal welfare, urban regeneration, environment, climate change, local government, community empowerment. In Derby City Council, I introduced free home care and saw what an impact it made. The policy I introduced in Derby saved the local NHS millions of pounds. Read Christopher Williamson Biography and Profile.