Robert Mugabe, Prime Minister and later President of Zimbabwe, was born on February 21, 1924. He was a studious child known to carry a book even while tending cattle in the bush. The former school teacher, first came to prominence after waging a bloody guerrilla war against the white colonial rulers who jailed him for 10 years over a “subversive speech” he made in 1964. Robert Mugabe married Ghanaian Sally Hayfron who died of a kidney disease in 1992. In 1996, Robert Mugabe married Zimbabwe’s First Lady, Grace Mugabe. Mugabe leaves two sons and a daughter by second wife Grace. Robert Gabriel Mugabe Full Biography and Profile.
Emma Goldman, Anarchist and activist, was born June 27, 1869, Kovno in the Russian Empire (present-day Kaunas, Lithuania). She immigrated to the U.S. in 1885, where she worked in clothing factories. Goldman emigrated to the US in 1885 and lived in New York City, where she joined the burgeoning anarchist movement. Emma Goldman criticism of mandatory conscription of young men into the military during World War I led to a two-year imprisonment, followed by her deportation in 1919. Emma Goldman Biography and Profile.
Frederick Douglass was born around 14 February 1818 into slavery in Talbot County, Maryland. In 1881, Douglass published Life and Times of Frederick Douglass, which he revised in 1892. He taught other slaves on the plantation to read the New Testament at a weekly church service. Frederick Douglass married Anna Murray and they had five children. Frederick Douglass became the first African American nominated for vice president of the United States. Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey biography and profile.
For decades George Habash was one of the most important Palestinian militant leaders. In 1967 he founded the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) – at one time the most notorious of the many Palestinian factions. The group and its leader pioneered the tactic of hijacking aeroplanes, to try to achieve political objectives. For many years the PFLP was very influential within the PLO, second only to Yasser Arafat’s Fatah movement. George Habash was born into a Christian family in Lydda (present-day Lod) in Palestine around 1926. His family fled their home in 1948, when Israel was founded.
Karl Marx was born in Prussia on May 5, 1818. A hugely influential revolutionary thinker and philosopher, Marx did not live to see his ideas carried out in his own lifetime, but his writings formed the theoretical base for modern international communism. In 1836, as he was becoming more politically zealous, Marx was secretly engaged to Jenny von Westphalen, a sought-after woman from a respected family in Trier who was four years his senior. Paris was the political heart of Europe in 1843. There, along with Arnold Ruge, Marx founded a political journal titled Deutsch-Französische Jahrbücher (German-French Annals). Karl Heinrich Marx biography and profile.
Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa between August and October 1451. His father was a weaver and small-time merchant. Columbus has a controversial legacy—he is remembered as a daring and path-breaking explorer who transformed the New World, yet his actions also unleashed changes that would eventually devastate the native populations he and his fellow explorers encountered. Christopher Columbus biography and profile.
Renty was called “The black African” when he was alive because he was born in Congo, Africa, the Congo. Renty also read from the Bible. Renty lived on a cotton plantation in Columbia, South Carolina, that was owned by Benjamin Franklin Taylor. “Papa Renty” took the name Renty Taylor after the Civil War. It’s unknown when he died. Tamara Lanier said: “Most importantly, I want the true story of who Renty is to be told. That’s all I’ve ever asked for.” Read Renty Biography and Profile.
Born in 1532 in Plymouth, England, John Hawkins established himself as a merchant and slave trader, eventually having hostile encounters with Spanish naval forces. John Hawkins was England’s first slave trader. In 1562 he sailed from The Barbican in Plymouth with three ships and violently kidnapped about 400 Africans in Guinea, later trading them in the West Indies. Between 1562 and 1567 Hawkins and his cousin Francis Drake made three voyages to Guinea and Sierra Leone and enslaved between 1,200 and 1,400 Africans. Read John Hawkins Biography and Profile.
Born in Cairo in 1929, Yasser Arafat was named chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization 40 years later. Arafat signed a self-governing pact with Israel in 1991, at the Madrid Conference, and together with Israeli leaders made several attempts at lasting peace soon after, notably through the Oslo Accords (1993) and the Camp David Summit of 2000. Arafat and Israel’s Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres shared the Nobel Peace Prize, but the terms were never implemented. Arafat ceded his PLO chairman post in 2003, and died in Paris in 2004. Read Mohammed Abdel-Raouf Arafat Biography and Profile.
James Cook was born on 27 October 1728 in a small village near Middlesbrough in Yorkshire. His father was a farm worker. At the age of 17, Cook moved to the coast, settling in Whitby and finding work with a coal merchant. In 1755, Cook enlisted in the Royal Navy, serving in North America where he learnt to survey and chart coastal waters. James Cook led three ambitious circumnavigations that would have a lasting impact on European visions of the Pacific. Read Captain James Cook Full Biography and Profile.