Toussaint L’Ouverture born May 20, 1743, had a large, albeit indirect, influence on the end of slavery in the British Empire. By forcing British troops to withdraw in 1798, L’Ouverture showed British officers what determined military opponents enslaved people fighting for their freedom could be. Of the more than 20,000 British soldiers sent to St Domingue during five years of fighting, over 60% died during the conflict. François Toussaint Louverture Biography and Profile.
Many believe Prayuth’s coup was meant to ensure that Thailand’s elites remained in control during a sensitive time of royal succession. Thailand’s new King, Maha Vajiralongkorn, leads an unconventional lifestyle and does not command the same respect that his father did. Prayuth says simply that he took control to restore order. “I could not allow any further damage to be done to my country,” he says, with a dash of histrionics. “It was at the brink of destruction.”
Prayut Chan-o-cha was born on March 21 in Nakhon Ratchasima Province. Focused and driven by his commitment to serve the country, he joins the Army the moment he completes his studies. The General’s career starts at the 21st Infantry Regiment, commonly known as the “Queen’s Guard”. This is where he starts a series of training programs, dedicating his life to the wellbeing of Thailand and to protecting the Monarchy. Prayut Chan-o-cha biography and profile.
Thomas Sankara (Thomas Isidore Noël Sankara) was born on 21 December 1949 in the town of Yako in north-ern Burkina Faso. In an interview with Swiss journalist Jean-Philippe Rapp in 1985, he reflected on his experiences growing up dur-ing the end of the colonial period in Gaoua. He vividly remembered how, as a child, he yearned to ride a bicycle that belonged to his European primary-school principal’s chil-dren, a bicycle which none of the neighbour-hood children was allowed to use: The other children dreamed about this bicycle for months and months. We woke up thinking about it; we drew pictures
Kim Yong Chol, born 1946, a former spymaster often referred to as Kim Jong-un’s right-hand man, emerged as North Korea’s lead negotiator in recent talks with the US. Kim Yong-chol, who holds the rank of general, is vice-chairman of the ruling Workers’ Party’s Central Committee and director of the United Front Department, which is responsible for relations with South Korea. His many positions in party and government make him one of the most powerful people in North Korea, according to the website North Korea Leadership Watch. Kim Yong-Chol biography and profile.
Colin Powell was born on April 5, 1937, in Harlem, New York to Jamaican immigrants Luther and Maud Powell. This experience set him on a military career and gave him structure and direction in his life. He also focused on reinvigorating U.S. diplomacy through reforms in the Department of State’s organizational culture and an infusion of resources for personnel, information technology, security, and facilities. Colin Luther Powell biography and profile.
Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov, born 1 December 1896. He was conscripted into the Russian Imperial Army in 1915. From 1918 to 1920, he fought for the Red Army in the Russian Civil War. Stalin regarded Zhukov as a threat and demoted him to command the Odessa military district, far away from Moscow. After Stalin’s death, Zhukov returned to favour. Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov Biography and Profile.
Khalifa Haftar, a Field Marshal, born 7 November 1943 in Ajdabiya in eastern Libya. Haftar rose to the rank of colonel under Muammar Gaddafi after he helped the ambitious young army man launch a bloodless coup against King Idris in 1969. Haftar was taken prisoner by the Chadians and had to be rescued by the CIA after having worked from Chad to overthrow Gaddafi. Khalifa Belqasim Haftar Biography and Profile.
Erik Prince was born June 6, 1969 in Holland, Mich. The son of Edgar Prince, a wealthy and influential Michigan Republican who helped found the Family Research Council in the late 1980s. He has six children. His first wife, Joan, died in 2003, and Prince has since remarried. Erik Prince began attending the Naval Academy but transferred to Hillsdale College in Michigan, from which he graduated in 1992. Read Erik Prince Biography and Profile.
Born in 1532 in Plymouth, England, John Hawkins established himself as a merchant and slave trader, eventually having hostile encounters with Spanish naval forces. John Hawkins was England’s first slave trader. In 1562 he sailed from The Barbican in Plymouth with three ships and violently kidnapped about 400 Africans in Guinea, later trading them in the West Indies. Between 1562 and 1567 Hawkins and his cousin Francis Drake made three voyages to Guinea and Sierra Leone and enslaved between 1,200 and 1,400 Africans. Read John Hawkins Biography and Profile.
U.S. Army intelligence analyst Bradley Manning born December 17, 1987, delivered classified documents to WikiLeaks, and in 2013 was sentenced to 35 years in prison for espionage and theft. In 2014, Manning, who is transgender, was granted the right to be legally recognized as Chelsea Elizabeth Manning. President Barack Obama commuted her sentence and she was released from prison in 2017. Read Chelsea Elizabeth Manning Biography and Profile.