Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta (IBK) is a Malian politician born in Koutiala (southern Mali) on 29 January 1945. A member of Bamako since 2002 , re-elected in 2007, he chairs the Rally for Mali (RPM), a party he created in 2001. Former student of the prestigious Parisian high school Janson de Sailly, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita continued his studies at the Pantheon-Sorbonne University where he obtained a Diploma of Advanced Studies (DEA) in Political Science and another in History of Contemporary International Relations ( IHRIC). After his studies, he was research fellow at the famous National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) and taught Third World political systems at the University of Paris Tolbiac. Returning to Mali in 1986, IBK was involved in the economic and social development of his country as the European Union’s chief technical adviser for the European Development Fund (EDF), then in the NGO Terre men France, of which he was the director for West Africa.
Already an activist within the association of African students in France, Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta participated in 1986, in clandestinity, to the Malian democratic movement that brought the revolution of 1991 ending 23 years of dictatorship. He is a founding member of the Alliance for Democracy in Mali (ADEMA), the party that initiated democratic emancipation, and from 1994 to 2000 he would be president. During the first free and transparent election campaign, Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta actively contributes, as deputy campaign director, to the triumphal election of Alpha Oumar Konaré in April 1992 under the colors of Adema. IBK was successively appointed spokesperson and diplomatic advisor to President Konaré, then in 1993 Ambassador to Côte d’Ivoire, Benin and Gabon, with residence in Abidjan,
His actions as head of government include the resolution of the school crisis ending the strikes, the signing of peace agreements with the Tuareg rebellion in the north of the country in 1996, and the implementation of the decentralization law. He also led the economic measures that helped mitigate the impact of the devaluation of the CFA franc a few weeks after his appointment. His style of government is marked by scrupulous respect for the authority of the state and the rule of law.
As a result of disagreements within his party, IBK left Adema in 2000 and founded the Rally for the Republic (RPM) in June 2001, followed by a good fringe of activists. His new party, which as a member of the Socialist International shares the social-democratic values, carries it as a candidate for the April 2002 presidential election. Ibrahim Boubacar Keita comes third with 2x% of the vote and his sense of In spite of many irregularities, he is forced to accept the verdict of the Supreme Court against the very advice of his supporters. He then supports Amadou Toumani Touré, who is elected in the second round against Soumaïla Cissé, Adema’s candidate. A few weeks later, the RPM came first in the general elections, and IBK, elected MP in Bamako, is logically brought to the presidency of the National Assembly. During his five-year term, he contributed, within a consensual framework, to revitalize this young institution and made it possible to vote important texts such as the law of agricultural orientation, the reform of the mining code …
Again candidate for the presidency in 2007, he is the only representative of a large party because all others choose to support the President of the Republic Amadou Toumani Toure, who is reelected in the first round. IBK, which retains its seat of deputy, becomes a constructive opponent and respectful of institutions, to support the government on major national causes: education, fight against terrorism … That said, he is lucid on the situation the current state of the country, characterized by a dilapidation of state authority, a worsening of the terrorist threat in the north of the country, new economic challenges to overcome, and the worrying ill-health of national education. This statement pleads in favor of a man of respected experience in Mali and abroad, and whose sense of state is indisputable. This is why many voices are already calling the president of the RPM to run again for the presidential election of 2012, after the second and last term of the outgoing president.
Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta is Grand Officer of the National Order of Mali and Commander of the French Legion of Honor. He was vice president of the Socialist International, and also chaired the Union of African Parliamentarians.
Ibrahim Boubacar Keita Full Biography and Profile
Former candidate and winner of the 2013 presidential election in Mali, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, also known as IBK, is a Malian politician born in 1945 in Koutiala (southern Mali). In 2002, he was elected deputy to the National Assembly and subsequently re-elected in 2007. He is the current president of the Rally for Mali (RPM), Rally for Mali, which was founded in 2001.
Parisian High School, Janson de Sailly, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita continued his academic career at the Pantheon-Sorbonne University where he earned two degrees, one in Political Science and the other one in History of Contemporary International Relations. After his studies, Keita became head of research at the famous National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) while teaching Third World Political Systems at Paris-Tolbiac University. On the return in Mali in 1986, with the aim to contribute to the social and economic betterment of its country, IBK joined the European Union Development Fund to their West African countries, including Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso. He, then, joined Terre des Hommes France, a French NGO,
First as an activist in the African student association of France, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita later joined, as early as 1986, the clandestine democratic movement responsible for the 1991 revolution that ended a 23 year dictatorship. He is a founding member of the Alliance for Democracy in Mali (Adema), one of the political parties that spurred democracy in the country, and which he presided over from 1994 to 2000. During the first multi-party democratic elections, Keita contributed to the successful election of Alpha Oumar Konare in April of 1992, as the candidate campaign’s assistant director. Following the elections, Ibrahim B. Keita was appointed spokesperson, diplomatic advisor to the President and in two months appointed ambassador of Mali in Gabon, Niger.
As the head of the government, IBK worked to resolve the crisis by putting an end to the untiring strikes; he fostered the peace accords that the Tuareg rebellion in the north of the country in 1995 and he emphasized on the administration’s decentralization process. Moreover, just a month after his appointment as Prime Minister, his leadership and vision helped soften the impact of the devaluation of the currency (CFA franc) on the national economy. His leadership style is one of strict respect for the rule of law and State’s Authority.
Due to disagreements within the party, Keita left, along with a myriad of members, the Adema in 2000 to create another party called the Rally for Mali in June of 2001. This new party, which is a member of the Socialist International and social-democratic shares, would nominate him as the candidate for the presidential elections of 2002. Despite frauds and irregularities and against his activists wishes, IBK, with 23% of votes and guided by his republican values, called they are accepting the decision of the Constitutional Court. For the second round, he threw his support on Amadou Toumani Toure against the runner-up, Soumaila Cisse, who was the candidate of Adema. Weeks later, during the legislative elections, the RPM won the majority of seats in the National Parliament making IBK, deputy from Bamako.
During his tenure as president of the National Assembly, Mr. Keita contributed to the improvement of the institution and was able to pass the two-part laws of the Agricultural Law and the Reform of the Mining Code.
During the 2007 presidential elections, President of the United States, President of the United States, President of the United States, President of the United States. After the presidential elections won by Toure, IBK was able to retain his deputy during the elections which followed. As the most emblematic opposition figure, he has been engaging the institutions, on all aspects of national life, in a constructive and respectful manner beyond partisanship; hence, his support of the Toure’s administration on issues such as education and the fight against terrorism.
Nevertheless, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita remains aware of the disastrous situation that is sinking in, like the erosion in State’s Authority, the aggravation of the terrorist threat in the Northern part of the country, the economic challenges of an increasing globalized world. inability to resolve the educational crisis.
This brief summary reinforces the attributes of an experienced man, well respected both in Mali and abroad and to the Malian nation suffers no ambiguity. This is the reason that plenty of voices are already calling for him to be nominated for the 2012 presidential elections.
Ibrahim Boubacar Keita received many honors, both in his home country and abroad. Such distinctions are: Grand Officer of the National Order of Mali and Commander of the French Legion of Honor. He also presided over the African Parliamentary Union and was Vice-President of the Socialist International.
In The Words Of Ibrahim Boubacar Keita to Malians
“In 2013, the sovereign people of Mali honored me with their confidence on the basis of my project of society” Mali First “, with 77.61% of the vote, to lead the destinies of our country.
In memory of our civilian and military victims of the crisis, Malians and foreigners, we keep a pious and deferential thought. Also, our unwavering solidarity and our compassion are expressed towards widows, orphans, wounded, to all those who are affected.
The first two years of my mandate served to initiate the inter-Malian dialogue that culminated in the signing of the Accord for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali that emerged from the Algiers process to stabilize the country.
After five (5) years of implementation of the Government Action Program (GAP), our country is gradually emerging from an unprecedented multidimensional crisis and is now the third largest economy in WAEMU.
In terms of defense and security, the Military Orientation and Programming Act (LOPM) and the Internal Security Guidance and Programming Act (LPSI) have contributed to the strengthening of the operational capabilities of our defense and defense forces. security.
The implementation of the “Mali First” program was marked by good performances, notably the significant increase in cereal and cotton production.
The Presidential Program for Social Emergencies (PPUS) has improved the access of populations and particularly the most vulnerable groups to basic social services (health, water, energy, etc.).
The average GDP growth rate stood at 5.2% and the average rate of inflation is controlled at 2% within the WAEMU community standard set at 3% maximum.
In terms of public finances, the fiscal deficit, including grants and cash basis, amounts to 2.9% of GDP in 2017.
The completion of the great work undertaken by the fathers of independence and ideals of March 26, 1991, impose on us for the honor and the greatness of Mali, to hold together the course that will lead us to emergence. “
In The Words Of Ibrahim Boubacar Keita at The United Nations
Ibrahim Boubacar Keita said the session’s theme was both relevant and topical in a world facing multiple threats to peace, security and efforts to improve people’s living conditions. The preservation of the planet was also urgent and in the interest of future generations, he said, adding that his country was working to improve its own conditions. Since taking office, he had worked to bring an end to the Malian crisis, embarking on eight months of negotiations in Algiers. The resulting Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali was aimed at restoring trust between the parties, he said, pointing out that the situation in the country had improved significantly. The interim authorities and transitional colleges were now operational in Mali’s northern region, and the Administration was taking control in Kidal.
The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA), along with national authorities, was now working to stabilize a “new front” in the centre of the country, he said. Paying tribute to the troops that had paid the highest price during the conflict, he also thanked the Council for its adoption of resolution 2364 (2017) renewing the Mission’s mandate, and resolution 2374 (2017) setting up the legal framework for the sanctions regime on those responsible for obstructing the implementation of the peace agreement. Noting that the worsening of the country’s security situation had negatively impacted the agreement’s implementation, he said it also posed a threat to global security, as it was marked by the trafficking of drugs, persons and arms, as well as terrorism. “They are claiming lives in the course of criminal and asymmetric attacks,” he said, adding that no country could tackle such cross-border threats alone.
Noting that such challenges had led to the establishment of the “Group of 5 for the Sahel” (Sahel G-5) — namely, Mali, Mauritania, Burkina Faso, Niger and Chad — he said the Group had set up a joint force to fight against transnational organized crime, trafficking and related issues. He wished that the Council’s resolutions had been undertaken under Chapter VII of the Charter, which would have allowed for the financing of that force. “We are working relentlessly to make this force effective and operational,” he said, expressing hope that further operations would begin in October 2018. Inviting all Member States to attend the upcoming financing conference, he said “the battle we are carrying out in the Sahel must be maintained” and warned that its failure would pose a threat to the world. Pointing out that the Sahel G-5 also placed a high priority on implementing the Sustainable Development Goals, he called on the international community to support its Priority Investment Programme, including by attending an “Invest in Mali” conference in Bamako in December.
As an agricultural country, Mali was also concerned about the effects of climate change and was committed to the implementation of the Paris Agreement, he continued. Among other challenges, he pointed out that the world also continued to face public health threats, including pandemics such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, which must be addressed, and expressed support for the proposed adoption of a global compact on migration in 2018. The realities and requirements of today’s world required the long-awaited reform of the Security Council, he added, reaffirming Mali’s commitment to the common African position on that issue. Finally, he voiced concern about efforts to reduce peacekeeping budgets at the United Nations at a time when they were needed more than ever.
- Ibrahim Boubacar Keita Biography and Profile (Ibrahim Boubacar Keita / United Nations)