José Mourinho (José Mário dos Santos Mourinho Félix) was born 26 January 1963 to a large middle-class family in Setúbal, Portugal, the son of José Manuel Mourinho Félix, who was known by the name Félix Mourinho, and wife Maria Júlia Carrajola dos Santos. His father played football professionally for Os Belenenses and Vitória de Setúbal, earning one cap for Portugal in the course of his career.
His mother was a primary school teacher from an affluent background; her uncle funded the construction of the Vitória de Setúbal football stadium. The fall of António de Oliveira Salazar’s Estado Novo regime in April 1974, however, led to the family losing all but a single property in nearby Palmela.
FIRST STEPS IN FOOTBALL
Footballing commitments in Porto and Lisbon meant that Félix was often separated from his son. As a teenager, Mourinho travelled to attend his father’s weekend matches and when his father became a coach, Mourinho began observing training sessions and scouting opposing teams. Mourinho wanted to follow in the footsteps of his father by becoming a footballer and so he joined the Belenenses youth team.
Graduating to the senior level, he played at Rio Ave (where his father was coach), Belenenses, and Sesimbra. He lacked the requisite pace and power to become a professional and chose to focus on becoming a football coach instead.
His mother enrolled him in a business school, Mourinho dropped out on his first day, deciding he would rather focus on sport, and chose to attend the Instituto Superior de Educação Física (ISEF), Technical University of Lisbon, to study sports science. He taught physical education at various schools and after five years, he had earned his diploma, receiving consistently good marks throughout the course. After attending coaching courses held by the English and Scottish Football Associations, former Scotland manager Andy Roxburgh took note of the young Portuguese’s drive and attention to detail.
Mourinho sought to redefine the role of coach in football by mixing coaching theory with motivational and psychological techniques.
MOURINHO IN HIS PERSONAL LIFE
Mourinho met his wife Matilde “Tami” Faria, born in Angola, when they were teenagers in Setúbal, Portugal, and the couple married in 1989.
Their first child, daughter Matilde, was born in 1996 and they had their first son, José Mário, Jr. (who plays football for CD Canillas’ Infantil B team), four years later.
Mourinho, whilst dedicated to football, describes his family as the centre of his life and has noted that the “most important thing is my family and being a good father.” He was selected as the New Statesman Man of the Year 2005 and was described as a man devoted to both his family and his work.
Mourinho has also been a part of social initiatives and charity work, helping with a youth project, bringing Israeli and Palestinian children together through football and donating his “lucky” jacket toTsunami Relief, earning £22,000 for the charity.
FAME OUTSIDE FOOTBALL
Widely known for his strong personality, refined dress sense, and quirky comments at press conferences, Mourinho has experienced fame outside of football circles, featuring in European advertisement campaigns for Samsung, American Express, Braun and Adidas, amongst others. An unofficial biography of Mourinho, titled O Vencedor – De Setúbal a Stamford Bridge (The Winner – from Setúbal to Stamford Bridge), was a best seller in Portugal. However, Mourinho did not authorise the biography and attempted, unsuccessfully, to prevent the book from being published.
Mourinho was part of an unusual event in May 2007 when he was arrested for preventing animal welfare officials from putting his dog into quarantine. The dog had not been sufficiently inoculated but the situation was resolved after it was returned to Portugal and Mourinho received a police caution.
Mourinho has his own children’s cartoon in his homeland of Portugal. Entitled “Mourinho and The Special Ones”, the cartoon revolves around a youngster who gets spotted by Mourinho playing in a local match before the Portuguese tactician turned him into a global football superstar. It’s aired for the first time on children’s television channel, SIC K, on 31 August 2013.
On December 2013, Mourinho joined forces with German car-tuning firm Mansory and self-styled high society club Raff House to create a new supercar, which has been named after him. The Supercar will be limited to 11 units and is set for a 2014 launch at an estimated €2 million price tag.
After leaving his job as a school coach, Mourinho looked for paths into professional management in his hometown and became youth team coach at Vitória de Setúbal in the early 1990s. Working his way up the ladder, he accepted the position of assistant manager at Estrela da Amadora, then was a scout at Ovarense.
Mourinho yearned for greater challenges and in 1992 an opportunity arose to work as a translator for a top foreign coach. Sir Bobby Robson had been appointed as the new manager of Lisbon club Sporting CP and the Englishman required a local coach with a good command of English to work as his interpreter.
LIFE AT PORTO
Initially a step away from management, Mourinho began discussing tactics and coaching with Robson in his interpreting role. Robson was sacked by Sporting in December 1993, but Portuguese rivals FC Porto appointed him as their head coach and Mourinho moved with him, continuing to coach and interpret for players at the new club. This Porto team, consisting of players like Ljubinko Drulovic, Domingos Paciencia, Rui Barros, Jorge Costa and Vitor Baia went on to dominate Portuguese football the following years.
With Robson as head coach and Mourinho as his assistant, Porto reached the 1993-94 UEFA Champions League semifinals, and won the 1994 Portuguese Cup, the 1994–95 and 1995–96 Portuguese championship, and the 1994, 1995 and 1996 Portuguese Super Cup (the later with a 5–0 victory over arch-rivals Benfica, in what proved to be Robson’s last game at Porto before moving to Barcelona, earning Robson the nickname “Bobby Five-O” in Portugal). Such was the impact of Robson and Mourinho on making Porto a lasting team, that the club managed to claim three more consecutive championships after they had left.
“One of the most important things I learnt from Bobby Robson is that when you win, you shouldn’t assume you are the team, and when you lose, you shouldn’t think you are rubbish.”
After two years at Porto the duo moved again, switching to FC Barcelona in 1996, where he learnt Catalan for the new challenge. Mourinho and his family moved to Barcelona and he gradually became a prominent figure of Barcelona’s staff by translating at press conferences, planning practice sessions, and helping players through tactical advice and analyses of the opposition.
Robson and Mourinho’s styles complemented each other: the Englishman favoured an attacking style, while Mourinho covered defensive options, and the Portuguese’s love of planning and training combined with Robson’s direct man-management. The partnership was fruitful and Barcelona finished the season with the European Cup Winners’ Cup. Robson moved club the following season but this time Mourinho did not follow as Barcelona were keen to retain him as assistant manager. The two remained good friends.
LOUIS VAN GAAL
He began working with Robson’s successor, Louis van Gaal, and he learnt much from the Dutchman’s conscientious style. Both assistant and head coach combined their studious approach to the game and Barcelona won La Liga twice in van Gaal’s first two years as coach.
Van Gaal saw that his number two had the promise to be more than a skilled assistant. He let Mourinho develop his own independent coaching style and entrusted him with the coaching duties of FC Barcelona B. Van Gaal also let Mourinho take charge of the first team (acting as Mourinho’s assistant himself) for certain trophies, like the Copa Catalunya, which Mourinho won in 2000.
- José Mário dos Santos Mourinho Félix Biography and Profile (José Mourinho)