Missy Elliott was born Melissa Arnette Elliott on July 1, 1971, in Portsmouth, Virginia. She is the only child of Ronnie, a U.S. Marine at the time of her birth, and Patricia, who later worked for a power company. While Ronnie was still a Marine, the family lived in a mobile home in Jacksonville, North Carolina, but he struggled for work after the army and they moved back to Portsmouth, living in a rat-infested shack. Ronnie was violent, and beat Patricia in front of their daughter; Missy experienced more trauma at age eight when she was raped by an older cousin. She wrote to Michael and Janet Jackson, begging them to come and save her — she already knew she wanted a future in music. They never wrote back. “I cried every night about that,” Missy told The Guardian newspaper in 2001. “Now I’m friends with Janet. But sometimes we’ll be in a club together and I’ll find myself thinking ‘But you never wrote me back when I needed you.'”
Missy grew up in the Baptist faith, and has said that her religious beliefs will always be a large part of her life. She explained in 2003 that her faith helped her cope with her childhood abuse — and subsequent depression. “You have to find some kind of peace,” she said. “I believe in a higher being, and that gives me faith to be strong and go on.”
Her most recent album has been The Cookbook in 2005 — on which she helped spark the EDM boom by sampling Cybotron’s early techno classic, “Clear,” on the single “Lose Control.” But by 2008 she began experiencing dramatic weight loss and was diagnosed with Graves disease — a rare autoimmune disease that attacks the thyroid gland. Symptoms can include muscular weakness, hair loss, insomnia and involuntary tremors. She has learned to manage the condition partly through diet and exercise, and partly with medication.
Melissa Arnette Elliott Full Biography and Profile
Missy Elliott is a living icon. For thirty years, she’s been directing the global soundscape, visually reinventing herself and redefining pop music. Missy’s career is multifaceted, as she’s charted new creative territory through songwriting, rapping, singing, and producing, with style and grace. Her influence is broad – Elliott has inspired or collaborated with a number of heavy hitters, including Janet Jackson, Mariah Carey, Beyoncé, and the late Whitney Houston. No matter the time, her music and videos are always relevant, making her an cross-generational rap star with enough talent to keep her legacy alive for eons.
“The Rain (Supa Dupa Fly)” was the debut collaboration between Harold “Hype” Williams and Missy Elliott. Along with costume designer June Ambrose, (and her oft-replicated) inflatable patent leather and vinyl suit and archival Alain Mikli shades, they shared long glimpses into the future. At this point, the world was deathly afraid of the 2000s. People wondered how technology would morph, how the government would handle swift changes, and what a new, punk Earth would look and feel like. Little did they know, all they had to do was look at Missy Elliott’s videography to find answers. “The Rain”, and the album Supa Dupa Fly, were both nominated for Grammy Awards in 1998.
Another one of Elliott’s first videos as a solo artist was “Beep Me 911”, a dollhouse-inspired take on love in the then-impending digital age. Directed by Earle Sebastian, the video showcased Missy’s brand of feminism within romance – which demanded communication and respect in the midst of vulnerability. The clip also displayed her now-iconic dance technique, equal parts controlled and sporadic. As genius as it was and remains, it was merely a taste of what was to come.
Missy Elliott’s next album, Da Real World, was gritty and reflective of the artist’s duality. On the set of the “She’s A Bitch” video, she said “Each time I gotta come a little different. And this [is] my first video from my second album, so I had to come different.” And she did. Creating art at the intersection of Third-wave feminism and Hip-Hop’s infamous misogyny, Missy reclaimed the word “bitch” and aligned it with strength and inner knowing. The Hype Williams-directed video remains one of the most expensive videos in history, and the LP spawned other singles, like “All In My Grill” and the “Hot Boyz” remix, (which spent a record-setting nearly 4 months at Number 1 on the Hot Rap Singles Chart, a record which still stands 20 years later). It was her second platinum album and proof that Missy was a permanent fixture in Hip-Hop.
In 2001, Elliott produced a thumping, cowbell-accented rework of Labelle’s 1974 hit, “Lady Marmalade”. Lil’ Kim, Christina Aguilera, Mya, and P!nk were tapped for the chart-topping single that won a Grammy in 2002 for Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals. The video also won multiple MTV Video Music Awards in 2001 for Best Video from a Film and Video of the Year (plus a Japanese iteration of the MTV VMA Award), as well as three VH1 Awards, and two TMF Awards.
Missy has long been applauded for her spirit of camaraderie, eschewing from the spats rap is known for and instead opting to bring people, namely women, together. She participated in the 1997 remix “Not Tonight”, featuring a slew of talented, popular women in rap, including Left Eye of TLC, Lil’ Kim, Angie Martinez, and Da Brat. The song won a Soul Train Lady of Soul Award for Best Video by a Female in 1998. Moreover, the rapper performed on the main stage at 1998’s Lilith Fair, a music festival that exclusively featured women and women-fronted bands.
Her collaborative work with Aaliyah, and Timbaland, her long-time production partner and closest friend, stands out from the pack though. “[I]t was a different sound”, Elliott shared with Associated Press in 2018. Together, Missy and Timbaland helped shift Aaliyah’s sound, with Elliott’s street smart, yet sweet, lyrics and the producer’s rollicking, ticking instrumentals. R&B hadn’t experienced anything quite like the trifecta, and they churned out nearly half of the material on Aaliyah’s 1996 sophomore project, One In A Million. The album’s second single, “If Your Girl Only Knew”, (written by both Elliott and Timbaland) shot to Number 1 on Billboard’s Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart. Missy and Timbaland also worked together on “I Care 4 U”, one of Aaliyah’s sultry, final singles that appeared on the singer’s eponymous album.
Ever busy, Missy unveiled her third project, Miss E… So Addictive in May 2001. Her platinum-certified, third album exhibited her in peak form – lyrically adept, cheeky, and self-actualized. Singles, including “Get Ur Freak On” and “One Minute Man”, were sex positive and danceable, both of which are recurring themes in Elliott’s music. The video for the latter featured cameos by Black cultural figures, like Ludacris, Trina, Ginuwine, Shar Jackson, Timbaland, and more, and also promoted safe sex. “Get Ur Freak On” won a Grammy for Best Rap Solo Performance, an ASCAP Rhythm and Soul Award and an ASCAP Pop Music Award, a VIVA Comet Media Award for Best International Video, and a Soul Train Award for Best R&B/Soul or Rap Music Video. “Scream a.k.a. Itchin'” won a Grammy for Best Female Rap Solo Performance in 2003. It is worth noting that Elliott has won every ASCAP Rhythm & Soul Award she has been nominated for, spanning from 1998 to 2008.
Eliott kept the momentum going with Under Construction, which came just one year after its predecessor. “Work It” was the biggest hit from the project, and Missy broke the internet 15 years after the track was released when fans discovered that her lyrics were literally reversed for the chorus. The catchy cut found new ears again during the summer of 2018, when a clip of Mary Halsey performing it went viral. Missy and Mary performed it together on the Ellen show soon after. “Work It” won three ASCAP awards, a Billboard award for Hot[test] Rap Track, a Grammy for Best Female Rap Solo Performance, an International Dance Music Award, two MTV VMA’s, and NAACP Award, a Soul Train award, a Soul Train Lady of Soul award, and a Vibe Award. So not only is “Work It” one of Missy’s most decorated songs, but it has also stood the test of time.
This Is Not A Test and The Cookbook quickly followed, unleashed in 2003 and 2005, respectively. Missy’s love of old school Hip-Hop was on full display during the This Is Not A Test era – in honor of the rappers of the mid-to-late 1980’s, she wore bedazzled Adidas tracksuits, complete with one cropped, or embellished pant leg, matching hats, sneakers, and gleaming rope chains. The lyricist collaborated with Adidas between albums on the “Respect M.E.” clothing line, cementing her status as a fashion-forward thinking diva. Missy also participated in the fifth M·A·C Viva Glam campaign that donated all revenue to the M·A·C AIDS Fund. In 2004, Elliott worked with Ciara in the beginning stages of her career, assisting the young starlet on “1, 2 Step”, which claimed a Number 2 spot on the US Billboard Hot 100 and won her a Grammy for her verse. They also worked together on “Lose Control”, a single from The Cookbook that won a Grammy for Best Short Form Music Video.
Since then, Missy Elliott has has been busy working on soundtrack material (“Ching-a-Ling” and “Shake Your Pom Pom”), loose singles like “I’m Better”, as well as material with other established and rising artists. Elliott appeared on Keyshia Cole’s “Let It Go” with longtime friend Lil’ Kim, and regularly collaborated with Fantasia, Jazmine Sullivan and Monica. Though she is most famous for her solo work, Missy has lent vocals, production or her songwriting prowess to Tweet, 702, Total, Mary J. Blige, J. Cole and more. Elliott was given awards for her work as a visionary at BET’s Black Girls Rock! Awards in both 2007 and 2010.
In 2015, Katy Perry invited Elliott to appear with her during her Super Bowl halftime show for an upbeat string of some of the rapper’s biggest hits. The performance is still the most-watched halftime show in history and Missy Elliott’s music sales received a digital boost. She was then granted the Innovator Award at the Billboard Women in Music Awards a few months later. The next year, the rap icon was lauded at the VH1 Hip Hop Honors and appeared in Marc Jacobs’ Fall 2016 campaign.
In May 2019, Elliott received an honorary doctorate from the Berklee College of Music. She was then admitted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in June. On Monday, August 26th, she is set to receive the Michael Jackson Vanguard Award at the MTV Video Music Awards.
Missy Elliott has defined herself as avant-garde, and anyone who has followed her decades-long career would deem it a befitting descriptor. She has shown the world how empowering creativity can be, and why convention simply does not cut it. From the first time we saw her dancing and rhyming, while emitting words from her own famous lexicon, we knew that she was destined to be a superstar – and destiny has fulfilled itself many times over. Missy Elliott has inspired people for a multitude of reasons, across a plethora of fields, and it’s safe to say that her work is nowhere near done. Just when you think she can’t top herself, she does it, with masterful flair and a grin.
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