Mwai Kibaki Early Life
Mwai Kibaki (Mwai Emilio Stanley Kibaki), born 15 November 1931, Gatuyaini Village, Othaya, Nyeri district, Central Province. He was the third President of Kenya, serving from December 2002 to April 2013. He was previously Vice-President of Kenya for ten years from 1978 to 1988 under President Daniel Toroitich arap Moi. He also held cabinet ministerial positions in the Kenyatta and Moi governments, including a widely acclaimed stint as Minister for Finance (1969–1981) under Kenyatta, and Minister for Home Affairs (1982–1988) and Minister for Health (1988–1991) under Moi. After his last narrow defeat to President Moi in 1997, it was thought he might retreat to his beloved golf courses and his farm. But his political longevity proved to be his greatest asset, for with Mr Moi stepping down after 24 years in power, Mr Kibaki has finally made it to State House.
unlike in the previous two elections, Mr Kibaki put together a broad based alliance, the National Rainbow Coalition (Narc), which brought together opposition politicians and a large group of ruling party politicians unhappy at Mr Moi’s promotion of the young and ultimately unsuccessful candidate Uhuru Kenyatta.
Mwai Kibaki Biography and Profile
Mwai Kibaki (Emilio Mwai Kibaki) was born 15 November 1931 on the slopes of Mount Kenya, he is from Kenya’s largest tribe, the Kikuyu. After studying in Uganda and London, he became a lecturer, but in the early 1960s gave it up to help in Kenya’s push for independence.
Mwai Kibaki worked as a teacher before becoming active in the Kenyan struggle for independence from Great Britain. After Kenya became independent in 1963, he won a seat in the National Assembly as a member of the Kenya African National Union (KANU) party. He later served as minister of finance (1969–82) and vice president (1978–88) but increasingly found himself at odds with President Daniel arap Moi, who headed KANU. In 1991 Kibaki resigned his membership in KANU to form the Democratic Party.
Mwai Kibaki Political Career
Mwai Emilio Stanley Kibaki, a Kenyan politician who was the third President of Kenya, serving from December 2002 until April 2013. Mwai Kibaki helped draft Kenya’s constitution, was elected as an MP in 1963 and has held his seat ever since. He was finance minister throughout the 1970s and vice president for much of the 1980s, serving ably under the country’s first president, Jomo Kenyatta, and then his successor President Daniel Toroitich arap Moi.
When a long-standing ban on opposition parties was lifted in 1991, Mr Kibaki left the ruling party, Kanu, to found the Democratic Party, which he still leads. He came third in the first multi-party elections in 1992 and then came a close second to President Moi in the last polls in 1997 when there were 15 candidates.
Although he has a dry sense of humour, he is viewed as somewhat aloof by ordinary Kenyans. Having succeeded in ending almost 40 years of uninterrupted rule by Kanu, he faces the tricky task of keeping the egos in check of a diverse range of politicians he will bring together in government.
Although Kibaki helped to improve the economy and civil service, his decision to remain loyal to political veterans – many with dubious records or from his own Kikuyu ethnic group – rather than bring in new blood counted against him.
Kibaki had formed a coalition with Raila Odinga in 2002, but they fell out when Odinga campaigned against Kibaki’s new constitution three years later. The constitution, which would have granted the president more power, was defeated in a national referendum. Odinga went on to form his own party and challenged Kibaki in last Saturday’s presidential vote.
Mwai Kibaki Founder of Kenya African National Union (Kanu)
Kibaki has been a fixture in Kenyan politics for almost five decades. A founder of the Kenya African National Union (Kanu) in 1960, he won the first election he contested. He advanced quickly as an MP thanks to his background in economics, becoming the minister of commerce and industry after two years in parliament.
Mwai Kibaki unsuccessfully challenged Daniel Toroitich arap Moi
Mwai Kibaki unsuccessfully challenged Moi in the presidential elections of 1992 and 1997, though in 1998 he became the official head of the opposition. With Moi constitutionally barred from seeking another presidential term, Kibaki sought the presidency for a third time. In September 2002 he helped create the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC), a multiparty alliance that nominated Kibaki as its presidential candidate. A few weeks before the election, Kibaki was involved in a car accident and suffered serious injuries. Although he was confined to a wheelchair, he continued his campaign and easily defeated Moi’s chosen successor, Uhuru Kenyatta (a son of Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya’s first president). In parliamentary elections NARC routed the ruling KANU, which had dominated Kenya since the country’s independence.
Mwai Kibaki President of Kenya
As president, Mwai Kibaki pledged to eliminate the government corruption that had ruined the country’s economy and had resulted in the withdrawal of foreign aid. Although he established anticorruption courts, his attempts to pass anticorruption bills were largely unsuccessful. In 2003 legislators voted themselves large raises, which they said would discourage bribe taking. The move, however, was met with public criticism.
Mwai Kibaki’s government suffered from power struggles among the ruling coalition’s various constituent parties. This tension increased as lawmakers struggled to draft a new constitution, which Kibaki had promised during his campaign. Disagreements concerning reforms, especially the creation of a prime ministership, further divided NARC and delayed enactment of a new constitution, leading to public unrest.
Members of Mwai Kibaki administration were mired in corruption in 2005, which further fueled public discontent. A new constitution, backed by Kibaki, was finally put to referendum in November 2005, but it was rejected by voters; the rejection was viewed by many as a public indictment of Kibaki’s administration.
Mwai Kibaki and Raila Odinga signed a power-sharing plan
On February 28, 2008, Mwai Kibaki, the then Kenyan president, and Raila Odinga, the then opposition leader, signed a power-sharing agreement after weeks of nationwide violence and political unrest which followed a disputed election. Kofi Annan, the former UN secretary-general who mediated the talks between the government and the opposition, said that an agreement had been made, which introduced a position of prime minister into the government for the first time in Kenya’s history.
“We do have a deal, thus our work on the government structure for Kenya has successfully been completed today,” Kofi Annan said.
“In the signed document … we have agreed to a formula that includes … a post of prime minister for the government of Kenya, with authority to co-ordinate, implement and supervise the execution of the functions and affairs of the government of Kenya.
“The prime minister will be an elected member of parliament and the parliamentary leader of the largest party in the national assembly or of a coalition if the largest party does not command a majority,” he said.
Here was the full text of the agreement
The crisis triggered by the 2007 disputed presidential election has brought to the surface deep-seated and long-standing divisions within Kenyan society. If left unaddressed, these divisions threaten the very existence of Kenya as a unified country. The Kenyan people are now looking to their leaders to ensure that their country will not be lost.
Given the current situation, neither side can realistically govern the country without the other. There must be real power-sharing to move the country forward and begin the healing and reconciliation process.
With this agreement, we are stepping forward together, as political leaders, to overcome the current crisis and to set the country on a new path. As partners in a coalition government, we commit ourselves to work together in good faith as true partners, through constant consultation and willingness to compromise.
This agreement is designed to create an environment conducive to such a partnership and to build mutual trust and confidence. It is not about creating positions that reward individuals. It seeks to enable Kenya’s political leaders to look beyond partisan considerations with a view to promoting the greater interests of the nation as a whole. It provides the means to implement a coherent and far-reaching reform agenda, to address the fundamental root causes of recurrent conflict, and to create a better, more secure, more prosperous Kenya for all.
To resolve the political crisis, and in the spirit of coalition and partnership, we have agreed to enact the National Accord and Reconciliation Act 2008, whose provisions have been agreed upon in their entirety by the parties hereto and a draft copy is appended hereto.
Its key points are:
- There will be a Prime Minister of the Government of Kenya, with authority to coordinate and supervise the execution of the functions and affairs of the Government of Kenya.
- The Prime Minister will be an elected member of the National Assembly and the parliamentary leader of the largest party in the National Assembly, or of a coalition, if the largest party does not command a majority.
- Each member of the coalition shall nominate one person from the National Assembly to be appointed a Deputy Prime Minister.
- The Cabinet will consist of the President, the Vice-President, the Prime Minister, the two Deputy Prime Ministers and the other Ministers. The removal of any Minister of the coalition will be subject to consultation and concurrence in writing by the leaders.
- The Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Ministers can only be removed if the National Assembly passes a motion of no confidence with a majority vote.
- The composition of the coalition government will at all times take into account the principle of portfolio balance and will reflect their relative parliamentary strength.
- The coalition will be dissolved if the Tenth Parliament is dissolved; or if the parties agree in writing; or if one coalition partner withdraws from the coalition.
- The National Accord and Reconciliation Act shall be entrenched in the Constitution.
Having agreed on the critical issues above, we will now take this process to Parliament. It will be convened at the earliest moment to enact these agreements. This will be in the form of an Act of Parliament and the necessary amendment to the Constitution.
We believe by these steps we can together in the spirit of partnership bring peace and prosperity back to the people of Kenya who so richly deserve it.
Mwai Kibaki Many Strengths
Mwai Kibaki has many strengths – which has enabled his active political career to span five decades:
- He is a well respected economist, and seen as clean and honest – a strong combination at a time when Kenya is mired in corruption scandals and beset by economic problems.
- He is also a popular politician and his experience and age also helped him keep Kenyan opposition politicians united behind him.
- Mwai Kibaki age will mean that talk of a successor will already have begun before he has even held his first cabinet meeting.
- A campaign accident, which left him with limited mobility, has also done little to suggest his stay in office will be long.
Mwai Kibaki Education
Mwai Kibaki studied history and political science for a BA at Makerere University college in Kampala, Uganda. After graduating top of his class in 1955, he went to London on a scholarship and took a BSc in public finance at the London School of Economics in 1959. Mwai Kibaki, a member of the Kikuyu people, attended Makerere University (B.A., 1955) in Uganda.
Mwai Kibaki, One of Kenya’s richest men
Mwai Kibaki, One of Kenya’s richest men, with vast land holdings and business interests, insists his wealth comes from shrewdness and hard work rather than corruption.
Mwai Kibaki Family
The family, members of Kenya’s largest single tribal group, the Kikuyu, lived in Gatuyaini Village near Mount Kenya–homeland of the Kikuyu and Kenya’s highest mountain and the second highest in Africa. Spouse: Lucy Kibaki (m. 1961–2016). Children: Wangui Mwai, Tony Kibaki, David Kibaki, Judy Kibaki, Jimmy Kibaki.
Mwai Emilio Stanley Kibaki Biography and Profile