Pol Pot (Saloth Sar, better known by his nom de guerre Pol Pot) was born Saloth Sar on May 19, 1925, in Kompong Thom Province, Cambodia. He rose to power as leader of the Khmer Rouge, Cambodia’s Communist regime. During its reign, which ended in 1979, Pol Pot oversaw the deaths of an estimated one to two million people from starvation, overwork or execution. Pol Pot was arrested in 1997 and died under house arrest on April 15, 1998. Read Pol Pot Biography and Profile.