Prince Andrew, The Duke of York was born at Buckingham Palace on 19 February 1960, the first child born to a reigning monarch for 103 years. He is the second son and third child of The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh. Christened Andrew Albert Christian Edward, he was titled The Prince Andrew until his marriage in 1986, when he was created The Duke of York by The Queen. Prince Andrew was educated at Heatherdown Preparatory School in Ascot and Gordonstoun School in Morayshire, Scotland.
On 23 July 1986 His Royal Highness married Sarah Ferguson at Westminster Abbey. The Duke and Duchess of York’s first child, Princess Beatrice, was born on 8 August 1988 at The Portland Hospital in London. Their second child, Princess Eugenie, was also born at The Portland Hospital on 23 March 1990. The Princesses are seventh and eighth in the line of succession respectively. In March 1992, it was announced that The Duke and Duchess of York were to separate. They were divorced in 1996.
Prince Andrew had wanted to become a helicopter pilot from an early age. In 1979, upon completion of A-levels, His Royal Highness joined the Royal Navy on a short-service commission as a Seaman Officer, sub-specialising as a Pilot. Midshipman Prince Andrew passed out of Britannia Royal Naval College Dartmouth in 1980, before undergoing fixed-wing and helicopter flight training at RAF Leeming and Royal Naval Air Station Culdrose respectively. In 1981, His Royal Highness was presented with his ‘Wings’ and the award for the best pilot by The Duke of Edinburgh.
Sub Lieutenant Prince Andrew converted to the Sea King helicopter, before joining his first front-line unit: 820 Naval Air Squadron (NAS) embarked in HMS INVINCIBLE. In April 1982 the unit sailed as part of the Task Group to the South Atlantic to regain the Falkland Islands. During the conflict His Royal Highness flew missions including Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW), inter-ship Helicopter Delivery (HDS), Search and Rescue (SAR) and casualty evacuation. Upon return to Portsmouth in September 1982, HMS INVINCIBLE was met by The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh.
Prince Andrew Full Biography and Profile
Prince Andrew Early Life & Education
Prince Andrew, the Duke of York was born on 19th February 1960 at Buckingham Palace and is the second son and the third child of The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh. HRH was the first child to be born to a reigning monarch for 103 years. Christened Andrew Albert Christian Edward, he was titled The Prince Andrew until his marriage, when he was created The Duke of York, The Earl of Inverness and The Baron Killyleagh.
The Duke spent his early life at Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle. HRH was taught initially at Buckingham Palace by a governess, continuing his education at Heatherdown Preparatory School, Ascot rom the age of eight. . The Duke then moved to Gordonstoun School in Morayshire, Scotland when he was 13, where his father and brothers were also educated.After completing his O Levels, HRH spent two terms in 1977 at Lakefield College School in Ontario, Canada, on a Round Square Exchange Programme.
The Duke then returned to Gordonstoun to complete his A Levels, after which HRH joined the Royal Navy with the ambition of becoming a helicopter pilot.
The Duke became interested in sport at an early age and played football, representing Heatherdown School at Rugby and Cricket earning his cricket colours. At Gordonstoun, HRH played rugby, field hockey, and captained the 1st XI cricket team in his final year. The Duke continued to play hockey at Britannia Royal Naval College (BRNC) in Dartmouth, and played squash for various ships’ teams. Later, whilst Flight Commander in HMS CAMPBELTOWN, HRH developed an interest in Golf.
As a child, The Duke watched his father, The Duke of Edinburgh, flying helicopters, which stimulated his interest in flying. At Gordonstoun, HRH joined the Air Training Corps and learnt to fly gliders. The Duke undertook Parachute Training with the RAF achieving his Parachute wings in April 1978. Prior to joining the Royal Navy he conducted Naval Flying Grading Training. HRH flew solo in a Chipmonk aircraft for the first time on Friday 13th April 1979.
The Prince Andrew joined the Royal Navy in 1979 on a short service commission as a Seaman Officer subspecialising as a Pilot.
Midshipman Prince Andrew entered Britannia Royal Naval College Dartmouth and undertook the full range of initial professional training. Additionally Prince Andrew also completed the Royal Marine Commando course with the Young Officer’s batch of 1979 at the Commando Training Centre, Lympstone, for which he received his Green Beret.
Midshipman Prince Andrew passed out of BRNC Dartmouth in front of The Queen at Lord High Admiral’s Divisions in April 1980.
HRH then undertook initial fixed wing flying training within the Royal Navy Elementary Flying Training Squadron based at Royal Air Force at RAF Leeming in Yorkshire, flying Bulldog aircraft from RAF Topcliffe.
Sub Lieutenant Prince Andrew’s helicopter flying training was conducted at Royal Naval Air Station (RNAS) Culdrose, Cornwall, where he initially learnt to fly the Gazelle helicopter in 705 Naval Air Squadron (NAS). In April 1981, HRH was presented with his ‘Wings’ and the award for the best pilot by The Duke of Edinburgh. Sub Lieutenant Prince Andrew then converted onto the Sea King helicopter, completing advanced and operational flying training with 706 NAS, before joining his first front-line unit: 820 NAS embarked in HMS INVINCIBLE.
On 5th April 1982, HMS INVINCIBLE sailed as part of the Task Group to the South Atlantic to regain the Falkland Islands. Sub Lieutenant Prince Andrew embarked along with his squadron, 820 NAS.
Throughout the conflict Prince Andrew, alongside his fellow aviators, flew missions including: Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW), inter-ship Helicopter Delivery (HDS), Search and Rescue (SAR) and casualty evacuation. HMS INVINCIBLE returned to Portsmouth Naval Base on the 17th September 1982, and was met by The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh.
Sub Lieutenant Prince Andrew completed his first front line tour with 820 NAS in July 1983, and was appointed to 702 NAS at RNAS Portland, Dorset, to convert to the Lynx helicopter. In May 1984, Lieutenant Prince Andrew joined 815 NAS, where he served as the Flight Pilot in the Type 22 Frigate HMS BRAZEN until March 1986. Prince Andrew was appointed a personal Aide-de-Camp to Her Majesty The Queen in 1984.
On the occasion of his wedding in 1986, The Prince Andrew was created The Duke of York. In 1987, after completing the Lieutenant’s Greenwich Course and Helicopter Warfare Instructors (HWI) Course, Lieutenant The Duke of York returned to 702 NAS as staff Helicopter Warfare Instructor.
In May 1988, HRH joined the Type 42 Destroyer HMS EDINBURGH as an Officer of the Watch, in order to earn his Watchkeeping and Ocean Navigation Certificates. During the year’s seagoing appointment, which included a Far East and Australia deployment, Lieutenant The Duke of York was awarded his Certificates.
In September 1989, HRH once again returned to RNAS Portland to form HMS CAMPBELTOWN Flight, joining 829 NAS where he served as Flight Commander HMS CAMPBELTOWN until the Autumn of 1991.
Lieutentant Commander The Duke of York was appointed to the Army Command and Staff Course at Camberley. Following the Staff Course Lt Cdr The Duke of York was selected to command the Hunt Class Mine Counter Measures Vessel HMS COTTESMORE. Whilst in Command HMS COTTESMORE conducted the full range of duties performed by the MCMV force and as a part of the RN high readiness MCMV force deployed around Europe and into the Mediterranean. HRH completed his time in command in November 1994.
Lieutentant Commander The Duke of York then returned to flying duties with a refresher course at 702 NAS before taking up the appointment as Senior Pilot of 815 NAS at RNAS Portland, where he served until October 1996.
HRH was then appointed to the Ministry of Defence in January 1997 as a Staff Officer in the Directorate of Naval Operations, with specific responsibility for Frigate and Destroyer aviation. Promoted Commander in 1999, Commander The Duke of York took up an appointment within the Naval Staff, with responsiblility for Naval Diplomacy with the Rest of the World. HRH concluded this appointment in April 2001 before departing from active service with the Royal Navy at the end of July 2001.
In July 2005, The Duke was promoted Captain and was appointed Commodore in Chief of the Fleet Air Arm in 2006. In February 2010, HRH was promoted to Rear Admiral in the Royal Navy. In February 2015, The Duke was promoted to Vice Admiral in the Royal Navy.
Prince Andrew Military Timeline
- Britannia Royal Naval College
- Flying Training
1981–1984 Sub Lieutenant
- Pilot, 820 NAS in HMS INVINCIBLE (Falkland Islands)
- Pilot, 815 NAS in HMS BRAZEN
- Helicopter Warfare Instructor, 702 NAS at RNAS Culdrose
- Flight Commander, 829 NAS in HMS CAMPBELTOWN
1992–1999 Lieutenant Commander
- Commanding Officer, HMS COTTESMORE
- Senior Pilot, 815 NAS at RNAS Portland
- Directorate of Naval Operations
- Ministry of Defence
- Diplomacy Section of the Naval Staff
2010 Rear Admiral
2015 Vice Admiral
Prince Andrew Post-Naval Career
In 2001, after a distinguished career in the Royal Navy, The Duke of York left active service to support The Queen as a full time working member of the Royal Family.
Today, The Duke’s focus is on assisting the economic success of, and the creation of skilled jobs in, the United Kingdom. HRH concentrates his efforts on three core areas where he believes he can have the greatest impact:
- Education and Skills
- Science, Technology & Engineering
The Duke also supports many charitable and not-for-profit organisations and maintains close links with the military.
Prince Andrew Honours and Decorations
The Duke of York has been awarded a number of Honours and Decorations:
- 1977 Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal
- 1979 Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
- 1982 South Atlantic Campaign Medal for service in the Falklands
- 1984 Personal Aide-de-Camp to Her Majesty The Queen
- 1986 Commodore, Royal Thames Yacht Club
- 1987 Freedom of the City of York
- 1988 Grand Cross of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav
- 1990 New Zealand Commemoration Medal
- 1991 Elder Brother, Trinity House
- 2001 Canadian Forces Decoration
- 2002 Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal
- 2002 Grand Master, The Honourable Company of Air Pilots
- 2003 Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
- 2005 Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan
- 2006 Royal Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter
- 2010 Order of the Federation (UAE)
- 2011 Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
- 2012 Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal
- 2012 Freedom of the City of London
- 2012 Royal Bencher, Lincoln’s Inn
- 2012 Liveryman, The Worshipful Company of Shipwrights
- 2013 Royal Fellow, The Royal Society
- 2013 First-Class Shaikh Isa Badge of Honour
- 2015 The Grand Companion of the Order of Logohu, Papua New Guinea
- 2016 Honorary Fellow, Society of Light and Lighting
Prince Andrew: The Outward Bound Trust
The Duke of York succeeded The Duke of Edinburgh as Executive Chairman of The Outward Bound Trust in 1999. The Outward Bound Trust aims to inspire young people to fulfil their potential and instil leadership qualities through challenging outdoor activities. HRH benefited throughout his education from the chance to take part in outdoor activities to develop teamwork and leadership skills, and has always been keen to support the effort to extend similar experiences to more young people.
The Outward Bound Trust is the UK’s leading provider of financially assisted outdoor learning. Every year it provides support totalling more than £2 million to young people throughout the UK. In doing so, it ensures that young people, regardless of their financial background, can benefit from an Outward Bound experience.
Since its foundation in 1941, The Outward Bound Trust has helped over one million young people use the outdoors to develop essential life skills such as confidence, self-esteem, resilience and well-being. These are skills that will help these youngsters succeed, whether in education, work or life.
The Trust has five residential venues located in some of the UK’s most impactful wilderness environments. The locations of the centres (Snowdonia, Lake District and the Scottish Highlands), combined with the talents of Outward Bound’s highly qualified instructors, enables The Outward Bound Trust to create a supportive and challenging environment in which young people can learn about themselves, the environment and ultimately, realise their true potential.
In addition to its work with schools and young people, The Outward Bound Trust also delivers corporate development programmes for adults, including bespoke apprentice and graduate programmes for blue chip organisations such as AkzoNobel, BAE Systems, Rolls-Royce, Unilever and Scottish Water. Designed to improve workplace effectiveness, these programmes have been proven to positively impact upon self-awareness, team working skills and further the employees’ understanding of their organisation’s key values and mission. The Trust also partners with a number of high profile organisations to deliver bespoke community programmes that invest in young people to help develop their employability skills.
As Executive Chairman, The Duke chairs regular meetings with the Trustees and the Executive Team, and hosts a number of events to promote and support The Trust throughout the year.
In September 2012, HRH led ‘The Descent of The Shard’ – an abseil from the top of Western Europe’s tallest building in support of The Outward Bound Trust and The Royal Marines Charitable Trust Fund. The Duke undertook the challenge, an 820ft abseil from the 87th floor to the 20th, alongside 39 others. The total raised from the event was in excess of £2.9 million.
The Outward Bound Trust’s Chief Executive, Nick Barrett, recounts the story of the Descent of the Shard.
Details of The Trust’s social impact can be found in the impact report.
Outward Bound can be found on Facebook and on Twitter.
The University of Huddersfield
The Duke of York was installed as Chancellor of The University of Huddersfield on 13th July, 2015. HRH succeed Sir Patrick Stewart, who became Chancellor Emeritus after 11 years.
The University of Huddersfield was founded in 1825 and provides outstanding academic education. The University prides itself on the employability of graduates and aims to equip its students with the skills required for the world of work.
The University of Huddersfield was awarded TES University of the Year in 2013 and has been praised for dedication to teaching excellence and the establishment of a new innovation centre. The University of Huddersfield continues to excel, winning numerous awards in enterprise, student satisfaction, and employability including The Queen’s Award for Enterprise in International Trade and TES Entrepreneurial University of the Year.
In 2013 Vice Chancellor, Bob Cryan was named as the Inspiring Leader at The Guardian Education Awards.
The Prince Andrew Charitable Trust
The Prince Andrew Charitable Trust makes donations to charitable bodies where The Duke has a particular link or interest. This includes charities focused on supporting young people, sensory and healthcare issues, science, technology and engineering, and the participation of the disabled and wounded servicemen and women in sporting activities.
Facts and Figures
In 2014, The Duke of York undertook a total of 469 engagements. This included 111 engagements linked to Education and Skills; 65 in the Science, Technology and Engineering area; 111 related to Entrepreneurship; 120 connected with Patronages; 26 military-related events and 31 engagements in support of The Queen.
Across the entire programme, The Duke attended events involving over 27,000 people in 2014.
During 2014 HRH’s Office has been involved in the organisation of 36 major events created to enhance the profile of The Duke’s areas of interest.
HRH carried out 27 regional visits in the UK during 2014, to locations including:
- County Durham
- East Sussex
- Greater Manchester
- Northern Ireland
- South Gloucestershire
- Tyne and Wear
- West Midlands
Prince Andrew Family
The Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson were engaged to be married on 19th March 1986. Sarah Ferguson, born on 15th October 1959, is the second daughter of Major Ronald Ferguson and Susan, Mrs Hector Barrantes.
The marriage took place at Westminster Abbey on 23rd July 1986 and on that date Prince Andrew was created The Duke of York.
The Duke and Duchess of York’s first child, Princess Beatrice, was born on 8th August 1988 at The Portland Hospital in London. Their second child, Princess Eugenie, was also born at The Portland Hospital on 23rd March 1990.
The Princesses are seventh and eighth in line of succession to the throne.
In March 1992 it was announced that The Duke and Duchess of York were to separate; they were divorced in May 1996.
The Duke of York and Sarah, Duchess of York remain devoted parents to their daughters Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie.
- Prince Andrew Biography and Profile (Prince Andrew)