Sergey Kuzhugetovich Shoygu, Sergey Kuzhugetovich Shoygu Biography and Profile, Sergey Shoigu Biography and Profile
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Sergey Shoigu Biography

Bio Synopsis

Sergei Shoigu (Sergey Shoigu, Sergey Kuzhugetovich Shoygu), born 21 May 1955, is a Russian politician and General of the Army. At the age of 12, Shoigu took part in an archaeological expedition in Tuva and spent several months working in a flooded area of the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric station. Here’s Sergey Shoigu Biography and Profile. Read more


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Sergei Shoigu (Sergey Shoigu) Early Life

Sergei Shoigu (Sergey Shoigu, Sergey Kuzhugetovich Shoygu), born 21 May 1955, is a Russian politician and General of the Army who has served as Minister of Defence of the Russian Federation and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Defense of the CIS since 2012.

At the age of 12, Shoigu took part in an archaeological expedition in Tuva and spent several months working in a flooded area of the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric station.

Graduated from the Krasnoyarsk Polytechnic Institute (1977) with a degree in Construction Engineering. PhD (Economics).

In May 2012 Shoigu became governor of Moscow region, after his candidacy was unanimously approved by Moscow Region Duma. However in November, 2012 President Vladimir Putin appointed Sergey Shoigu to the new post, Head of Defense, after firing previous minister, Anatoly Serdyukov, from this position.

Sergei Shoigu Biography and Profile

Sergei Shoigu (Sergey Shoigu), born 21 May 1955, is Defense Minister of the Russian Federation as of November 6, 2012. Previously, Shoigu was Minister of the Russian Federation for Affairs of Civil Defense, Emergencies and Disaster Relief for 18 years. Sergey Shoigu was born in the town of Chadan (Tuva Republic, the USSR), into a family with deep historical roots dating back to nomads and cattle-breeders. His father held high positions within the Communist Party; his mother was an economist.

Shoigu took archaeological expedition

At the age of 12, Shoigu took part in an archaeological expedition in Tuva and spent several months working in a flooded area of the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric station. In 1977 he graduated from the Krasnoyarsk Polytechnic Institute and received a diploma as a construction engineer. For about 11 years Sergey Shoigu worked in various Siberian construction trusts, climbing the career ladder from foreman to managing director. The young Shoigu, together with other enthusiasts, organized voluntary rescue teams that worked in natural disasters zones.

Sergey Shoigu’s political career

1988 was the beginning of Sergey Shoigu’s political career. He became a functionary in the Abakan branch of the Communistic Party of the Soviet Union. In 1989 he held the post of Inspector of the Krasnoyarsk Regional Committee of the Communist Party. Shoigu remained a member of the party until 1991, when it was officially disbanded.

1990 Shoigu left for Moscow

In 1990 Shoigu left for Moscow, where he applied for a post as the head of the Committee rectifying the consequences of the Chernobyl atomic station accident, but was unsuccessful. However, very soon after, he became the Deputy Head of the State Architecture and Construction Committee of the Russian Federation. The job involved dealing with a lot of paperwork and was not fulfilling for the young and ambitious Shoigu. In less than a year Sergey Shoigu reached his goal to actively work in sphere of emergencies and disaster relief when he was offered the post of Head of the Russian Rescue Corps. This organization was founded in 1990 and joined together several voluntary rescue parties, formed by mountaineers who worked on elimination of consequences of disastrous earthquakes in Armenia.

Sergey Shoigu supported Boris Yeltsin

The Rescue Corps started their work almost from scratch, confirming staff and developing a work strategy. Within the first few months Shoigu decided to form a number of rescue parties across Russia, to be able to effectively and quickly react in cases of emergencies. Sergey Shoigu and his Corps played a direct role in the August Coup (19-21 August 1991), a confrontation between hard-line members of the Communist Party seeking a return to the old system of government, and reformers led by Boris Yeltsin and other political leaders. Shoigu supported Yeltsin, and the latter, in response, furthered the expansion of the Rescue Corps, widening its responsibilities and merging it with civil defense forces to create the State Committee on Emergencies.

Sergey Shoigu participated in armed conflict management

Sergey Shoigu participated in armed conflict management in North and South Ossetia, Abkhazia and Ingushetia. In 1993, during the Constitutional Crisis in Russia (a political confrontation between the Russian President and the Russian Parliament) Shoigu proved his loyalty to Boris Yeltsin one more time.

In 1994 the State Committee on Emergencies, having adopted the functions of a few others related bodies, was transformed into the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Affairs of Civil Defense, Emergencies and Disaster Relief with Sergey Shoigu at its head. That same year he became a member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation. Shoigu was among those who discussed the question of initiating a war in Chechnya in 1994, but his personal position concerning this issue is unknown.

Sergey Shoigu involved political movements and blocks

Sergey Shoigu has been involved in different political movements and blocks (Choice of Russia in 1993 ad Our Home – Russia in 1995) and actively participated in Boris Yeltsin’s presidential election campaign in 1996. Still, he is probably best known for his work as the leader of the Russian pro-government electoral block, Unity, created in 1999 before the State Duma elections (the lower house of the Russian parliament) that year. Unity was supported by Russia’s President Boris Yeltsin, the Prime Minister Vladimir Putin and tens of Russian governors. The rise of Unity was meteoric given the short time it had to create an identity, plan its campaign strategy and carry out its ambitious objectives. In the elections on 19 December Unity received 23 percent of the vote and won 72 of 441 seats. Shoigu did go to the new State Duma but remained Emergencies Minister.

2000 Sergey Shoigu and his party supported Vladimir Putin

During the presidential elections in 2000 Sergey Shoigu and his party fully supported Vladimir Putin, who became the President of Russia. In 2001 Unity merged with another political block, Fatherland – All Russia, to become United Russia, which later became the leading party in the State Duma election in 2003 and 2007. In 2008 Dmitry Medvedev was elected President of Russia. He also gained support from this large political organization and its co-leader Shoigu.

Sergey Shoigu known as the Emergency Minister

Sergey Shoigu has become known as the Emergency Minister who demonstrates his personal involvement in rescue works during all major disasters. He created a team of like-minded people, which has apparently helped him to hold his post continuously over the past 11 years – a record among all Russian post-soviet high-ranking politicians.

Shoigu great interest and diligence

Shoigu has shown great interest and diligence in integrating related institutions into his department. Nowadays the Ministry of Emergency Situations is a system of various bodies: search-and-rescue services in all regions of Russia, civil defense forces, the Civil Defense Academy, the Rescue Training Centre, the Research Studies Institute and the Centre of Monitoring and Prediction of Emergencies.

2012 Shoigu became governor of Moscow region

In May 2012 Shoigu became governor of Moscow region, after his candidacy was unanimously approved by Moscow Region Duma. However in November, 2012 President Vladimir Putin appointed Sergey Shoigu to the new post, Head of Defense, after firing previous minister, Anatoly Serdyukov, from this position.

Resurrection Of The Russian Army

Shoigu: “The resurrection of the army was not instantaneous. It all started with the realization of its deplorable state back in 1999, after the invasion of the Basayev and Khattab gangs in the Tsumadin and Botlikh districts of Dagestan. Prime Minister Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, with our then limited capabilities, began to make fundamental decisions on the reform of our Armed Forces.

“Later, there were the events of 2008 – the treacherous attack of Georgian troops on South Ossetia, the death of our peacekeepers under the fire of the Georgian Grads and the response of a group of Russian troops to enforce Georgia to make peace. Subsequently, based on the analysis of this operation, systemic decisions were made in the field of military development. First of all, [decisions] were made on the formation and financing of a new state armament program.

“The issues of building and training of the Armed Forces, equipping them with modern weapons and developing the military-industrial complex are under the constant control of our president. Starting from 2013, no matter how busy the work schedule is, the president, in autumn and spring, holds in Sochi the gathering of the top officials of the Armed forces, representatives of the defense industry and relevant leaders in the Government of the Russian Federation, on all aspects of military development and on maintaining the country’s military security.

“Therefore, there was no magic. There were large and small, noticeable and not quite noticeable steps for the comprehensive transformation of the army. Our key task was to synchronize all aspects of the preparation and construction of troops, including the training of professional personnel and the supply of modern weapons. We analyzed current and future threats, as well as the army’s capabilities to protect our country from them. We sorted out the condition of the troops up to each military unit. And the result of this complex work was the development of a number of program documents, including a defense plan.

“Then work began with questions which seemed to stare us in the face that I asked the commanders.

“These questions were simple and clear: why should a fighter go to the bathhouse and take a shower once a week? Why should he change clothes only once a week, while spending all his time from morning to night at the training grounds? Why should the soldier’s tea room be at the other end of the military unit and in order to drink tea, the soldier needs to go through the parade ground, at the risk of getting a couple of duties out of turn? Why should fighters wash their footcloths and under collars or underwear in washbasins? Is it impossible to put washing machines in all the barracks? And why in the third millennium are we still using footcloths?

“Naturally, the meaning of army reform was not only to improve the lives of the soldiers. Our actions also had a harsh military necessity, dictated by the reduction of the conscription service to one year. If the service lasts only one year, then study should be more intensive. So, it is necessary to free the fighters from performing unrelated tasks. They should stop removing snow or collecting leaves from morning till night. At points of permanent deployment, they should stop going to kitchen duties or engage in latrine cleaning with antiquated means.

“Having realized all this, we decided to install almost 35 thousand showers, 16 thousand washing machines and 21 thousand vacuum cleaners in the barracks during the year. We bought the most modern equipment for wet cleaning and organized meals according to the ‘buffet’ system. We developed clothing production at domestic enterprises and gave all military personnel convenient and high-quality field and everyday uniforms made of modern materials. Where previously there were only a mop and bucket, now there is modern equipment. And it is now perceived as a completely normal and ordinary thing. And so gradually, gradually in all directions.”

Syria War

Shoigu: “Those who think that we fought in Syria with a bunch of fanatical and primitive militants are very much mistaken. We fought with the largest terrorist organization of many thousands, or rather, the whole system. Let me remind you that they enjoyed the support of individual countries interested in the instability of the region. The terrorists were armed with hundreds of tanks, multiple rocket launch systems, armored vehicles and hundreds of thousands of tons of ammunition that had been seized from the armies of Iraq and Syria in previous years, and of course they had hundreds of trained suicide bombers. The terrorists had the most advanced technology, including communications and intelligence equipment. They had a well-functioning international system for evacuating the wounded, a working mechanism for collecting taxes in the occupied territories, and their own “black market” artifacts trade was functioning.

“The proceeds from the illegal oil trade played a very significant role in ensuring the activities of terrorists. Until the Russian Federation joined the fight against international terrorism in Syria in Trans-Euphrates against ISIS, they produced more than 100 thousand barrels of oil per day under the noses of the international coalition. And the sale of this raw material brought terrorists a daily income of more than $ 5 million.

“In Syria, we had to learn to fight in a new way. And we did that. If we talk about fighter, army, assault, long-range and transport air forces, then almost 90% of the entire flight personnel went through military operations in Syria. We have those who have 150-200 sorties – and this is in addition to all those who were tasked with ensuring safety of their flights on the ground. There was a time when the rate of delivery of goods to Syria reached up to two thousand tons per day. And this is the fleet, this is transport aviation, this is the work of our supply bases, ports, this is the relocation, reception and maintenance of equipment. This is the work of representatives from our industry and science: it reached the point that representatives of more than 70 enterprises, engineers, and designers were working simultaneously in Syria, thus eliminating equipment deficiencies in the field.

“Based on the results of this work, the president gave direct orders to refine or improve certain characteristics of some weapons. So it was with our Kalibr cruise missiles, armament of long-range aviation and submarines.

“You probably have noticed that throughout the entire carrier fleet history of the Soviet Union and Russia, it was used for the first time in combat conditions in Syria. If we talk about the use of precision weapons, for example, previously, loading a flight mission with a Kalibr cruise missile took so much time that the target could be lost. And today, the loading time for a flight mission to Kalibr has decreased, I emphasize, by a multiple. And this work to reduce the time for the transmission of target designation is ongoing.

“Commanders of regiments, brigades, divisions, commanders of armies, commanders of troops of military districts, heads of central bodies of the military administration of the Ministry of Defense, and also the teaching staff of almost all higher military educational institutions went through Syria. As a result of the hostilities in Syria, we naturally had a great number of debriefings. I can tell you that about 300 types of weapons were finalized bearing in mind the Syrian experience, and we simply removed from production the 12 weapon prototypes that were [once] considered promising.”

Russia vs USA

Shoigu: “Our Supreme Commander-in-Chief has already answered this question thoroughly and reasonably. Not only can it [resist] – Russia is already opposing America quite effectively. It resists thanks to our science, our industry and our innovative developments. And besides this, we are not trying to compete with them on all fronts. If you were to spread out the US military budget on the shelves, you will reach an understanding: they have huge expenses for various bases scattered all over the world. America has 170 such bases. American expenditures on the same operation in Afghanistan alone are almost equal to our annual defense budget. Gigantic money is being spent by the United States on private military companies, on aircraft carrier groups. But does Russia really need five or ten aircraft carrier groups, if we are not going to attack anyone? We need funds that could potentially be used against such enemy carrier groups in case of aggression against our country. And this is incomparably cheaper and more effective!

“It becomes clear that we do not need to compare our defense budget with the Americans. By defense budget size, we are even only in seventh place globally. Saudi Arabia and, incidentally, Japan are ahead of us in this indicator. The main thing is that we are quite effective in our military expenditures, which are very precisely spent and are closely monitored by our Supreme Commander.”

Awards

State awards: Commendations from the President (1993 and 1999), Certificate of Merit from the Government (2000), Order of Service to the Fatherland, 3rd Class, (2005), and Commendation from the Government (2005), et al.

Sergey Shoigu highly esteemed in Tuva

Sergey Shoigu is highly esteemed in his native Tuva. A street has been named after him in the town of Chadan, where he was born, and a mountain peak in the republic also bears his name.

Sergei Shoigu Quick Facts

  • Born 21 May, 1955 in Chadan, Republic of Tuva.
  • Graduated from the Krasnoyarsk Polytechnic Institute (1977) with a degree in Construction Engineering. PhD (Economics).
  • Army General, Hero of the Russian Federation.
  • 1972-1977: student at the Krasnoyarsk Polytechnic Institute.
  • 1977-1978: foreman at the Promkhimstroy Construction Trust, Krasnoyarsk.
  • 1978-1979: foreman, section head at the Tuvinstroy Construction Trust, Kyzyl.
  • 1979-1984: construction supervisor, chief engineer, director of the Achinskaluminystroy Construction Trust, Achinsk.
  • 1979-1984: construction supervisor, chief engineer, director of the Achinskaluminystroy Construction Trust, Achinsk.
  • 1984-1985: Deputy Head of the Sayanaluminystroy Construction Trust, Sayanogorsk.
  • 1985-1986: Head of the Sayantyazhstroy Trust, Abakan.
  • 1986-1988: Head of the Abakanvagonstroy railway car manufacturing facility, Abakan.
  • 1988-1989: Second secretary of the Abakan City Communist Party Committee, Abakan.
  • 1989-1990: Inspector at the Krasnoyarsk Territory Communist Party Committee, Krasnoyarsk.
  • 1990-1991: Deputy Chairman of the RSFSR State Committee for Architecture and Construction, Moscow.
  • 1991: Chairman of the Russian Rescue Corps, Moscow.
  • 1991-1994: Chairman of the RSFSR State Committee for Emergencies, Moscow.
  • 1994-2012: Minister of Civil Defence, Emergencies and Disaster Relief (10 January, 2000 – 7 May, 2000: Deputy Prime Minister – Minister of Civil Defence, Emergencies and Disaster Relief).
  • Appointed Governor of the Moscow Region in 2012.
  • 6 November, 2012: appointed Minister of Defence of the Russian Federation.
  • State awards: Commendations from the President (1993 and 1999), Certificate of Merit from the Government (2000), Order of Service to the Fatherland, 3rd Class, (2005), and Commendation from the Government (2005), et al.
  • Merited Rescuer of the Russian Federation (2005).

Family

Sergei Shoigu (Sergey Shoigu, Sergey Kuzhugetovich Shoygu) is married and has two daughters.

Sergey Shoigu Biography and Profile (rt)

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