James Baldwin was born 2 August 1924, New York City, an essayist, playwright and novelist regarded as a highly insightful, iconic writer with works like The Fire Next Time and Another Country. James Baldwin published the 1953 novel Go Tell It on the Mountain, going on to garner acclaim for his insights on race, spirituality and humanity. Baldwin’s writing career began in the last years of legislated segregation; his fame as a social observer grew in tandem with the civil rights movement as he mirrored blacks’ aspirations, disappointments, and coping strategies in a hostile society. Read James Arthur Baldwin Biography and Profile.
Bessie Coleman (January 26, 1892 to April 30, 1926), an American aviator and the first black woman to earn a pilot’s license who taught herself French and moved to France, earning her license from France’s well-known Caudron Brother’s School of Aviation in just seven months. She remains a pioneer of women in the field of aviation. Read Bessie Coleman Biography and Profile.
Jackie Robinson (January 31, 1919-October 24, 1972) was the first black athlete to play Major League Baseball. Jackie Robinson helped the Dodgers win the World Series. Before he retired, he became the highest-paid athlete in Dodgers history. Read Jack Roosevelt Robinson Biography and Profile.