John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was born in Bloemfontein, South Africa, on January 3, 1892, to Arthur Tolkien and Mabel Suffield Tolkien. He was a major scholar of the English language, and also wrote The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings stories, which are set in a pre-historic era in an invented version of our world which he called by the Middle English name of Middle-earth. J.R.R. Tolkien Biography and Profile.
Sir Peter Mansfield was born on 9 October 1933 and grew up in London. Nobel Laureate Professor Sir Peter Mansfield is an inventor who has changed the lives of millions, a scientist who has created revolutionary new pathways for physics, and a role model for people everywhere who want to achieve success from the most humble backgrounds. Sir Peter’s early work was in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), then being used to study the chemical structure of substances. Peter Mansfield Biography and Profile.