Pol Pot (Saloth Sar, better known by his nom de guerre Pol Pot) was born Saloth Sar on May 19, 1925, in Kompong Thom Province, Cambodia. He rose to power as leader of the Khmer Rouge, Cambodia’s Communist regime. During its reign, which ended in 1979, Pol Pot oversaw the deaths of an estimated one to two million people from starvation, overwork or execution. Pol Pot was arrested in 1997 and died under house arrest on April 15, 1998. Read Pol Pot Biography and Profile.
Nuon Chea (Lao Kim Lorn), born 7 July 1926, Voat Kor village, Battambang province, to a corn farmer and a seamstress, Nuon Chea was second in command to Pol Pot. He studied law at Bangkok’s prestigious Thammasat University, where he became a member of the Thai Communist Party. Nuon Chea also known as ‘Brother Number Two’, was indicted and sent to trial for crimes against humanity, grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and genocide. “I feel remorseful for the crimes that were committed intentionally or unintentionally, whether or not I had known about it or not known about it.” Read Nuon Chea Biography and Profile.