Florence Nightingale was born on 12 May 1820 into into a wealthy family, Nightingale was determined to enter nursing despite its low status at this time. In 1854 she left for the Crimea with 38 nurses and sisters. Her major achievement in the Crimea was to organise the barracks hospital at Scutari, introducing proper discipline among the nurses and better sanitation. She became known as ‘the lady of the lamp’. Florence Nightingale biography and profile.