Olga Ladyzhenskaya, a mathematician, born March 7, 1922, Russia, and spent her early years being inspired with a love of mathematics by her father, Aleksandr, who taught the subject. After earning her Ph.D., Ladyzhenskaya went on to lead the Laboratory of Mathematical Physics at the Steklov Mathematical Institute in Moscow and to write more than 250 papers. Ladyzhenskaya’s contributions to the field earned her the Lomonosov Gold Medal from the Russian Academy of Sciences in 2002. She died on Jan. 12, 2004, at the age of 81. Read Olga Ladyzhenskaya Biography and Profile.