For decades George Habash was one of the most important Palestinian militant leaders. In 1967 he founded the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) – at one time the most notorious of the many Palestinian factions. The group and its leader pioneered the tactic of hijacking aeroplanes, to try to achieve political objectives. For many years the PFLP was very influential within the PLO, second only to Yasser Arafat’s Fatah movement. George Habash was born into a Christian family in Lydda (present-day Lod) in Palestine around 1926. His family fled their home in 1948, when Israel was founded.
Mohammad Shtayyeh born 17 January 1958. Shtayyeh has joined and led multiple other initiatives related to Palestinian development and also focused on regional projects. Shtayyeh maintains a close relationship to Abbas and frequently defends his policies. Read Mohammad Shtayyeh Biography and Profile.
Born in Cairo in 1929, Yasser Arafat was named chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization 40 years later. Arafat signed a self-governing pact with Israel in 1991, at the Madrid Conference, and together with Israeli leaders made several attempts at lasting peace soon after, notably through the Oslo Accords (1993) and the Camp David Summit of 2000. Arafat and Israel’s Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres shared the Nobel Peace Prize, but the terms were never implemented. Arafat ceded his PLO chairman post in 2003, and died in Paris in 2004. Read Mohammed Abdel-Raouf Arafat Biography and Profile.