Robert James Lee (Bob) Hawke was born in Bordertown, South Australia on 9 December 1929, the son of a minister of religion and a former teacher. Hawke brought the ALP back into government at the general election on 5 March 1983, gaining a 15-seat majority over the Liberal-National coalition in the House of Representatives. Under Hawke’s leadership, changes to Australia’s education and training system began in 1984 and continued over the following years. Hawke took the ALP to a record third term in office at the general election on 8 July 1987. Robert James Lee Hawke biography and profile.